Most of the problems that arise between the employer and the employed are in most cases sorted out amicably, by negotiations and agreements. But at times, these two parties, the employer, and the worker, may fail to agree and the trade unions come in with what is known as an industrial action.
If a trade union decides that the only way ahead would be to call for an industrial action, there are several ways that this can be done. One of them, and actually the most common way of an industrial action is by calling for a strike. In this case, workers will select certain days or day, on which they will do not report for work. For example the present strike by the workers of British airways is a good example, and it is expected to bring most flights to a halt, until the demands of the workers are met.
Another form of an industrial action is the work to rule. This is where the workers will apply the rules and regulations of the employers, but to slow down production. For example if a machine worker is told to ensure that his machine is clean and oiled before starting their work. Such a worker may spend deliberate hours doing just this, and in the process, alter the productivity of the employer or organization. Another form of industrial action, which can also be used, is known as picketing. Picketing means that when workers feel their demands are being ignored or not met, they stand at entrances leading to their employer’s factory or organization. They may stand at the entrance with banners.
Lastly, other forms of industrial actions include a go slow, and ban on overtime. The latter implies that workers refuse to work overtime, while the former is about workers doing their work at the minimum pace possible so as to slow down production